Lower Left Abdominal Pain in Men: 10 Leading Causes & Associated Symptoms

Lower left abdominal pain in men is also known as left lower quadrant pain. The pain causes the entire abdomen to be rigid or the area around to be tender. Everyone gets to experience this type of pain during their lifetime. Abdominal pain is not always a serious medical condition since it may be due to gas or an infection.

Lower abdominal pain in men left side is a localized pain, meaning that it is a little bit more complicated. Lower part of the abdomen consists of various pain sensitive structures. Due to this structure the causes, severity of pain, and symptoms in the area vary.

Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain in Men Left Side

Usually, the pain in the area is traced directly to the digestive tract, but it can also arise from the issue related to the blood vessels, urinary tract, abdominal wall muscle, skin and reproductive organs. Lower left abdominal and back pain in men can be acute or chronic, other symptoms experienced along with the pain include the following: dehydration, vomiting, nausea, fever, fullness, tenderness, and difficult breathing. In severe cases, the pain is achy, sharp, burning, and dull or stabbing, which occurs persistently.

  1. Constipation

Constipation as a cause of lower left abdominal pain in men

Generally, constipation is when your bowel movements are tough or occur less than normal times.  One can get constipated due to lack of drinking enough water or eating foods rich in fiber. Sharp pain in the lower left abdomen is the most common symptom of constipation.  Other symptoms include pressure in the rectum, bloating and feeling of fullness. The pain arises because of the extra work the muscles do in order to put pressure on the abdominal area. Constipation can be treated with home remedies, such as high-fiber diet, laxatives and drinking lots of fluids.

  1. Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection and men having enlarged prostate or kidney stone are prone to get it. In severe cases the infection affects the entire excretory system which comprises of the urethra, bladder, and the kidneys. UTI symptoms may also depend on the infected area but the most common sign is experiencing burning pain when urinating, sharp pain in the left lower abdomen, recurrent urge to pass urine and passing urine in trickles.

Home remedies can be used to cure the infection but in severe cases, it is advisable to consult a physician

  1. Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis

It is among the most common causes of lower left abdominal pain in men at the age of forty and above. Diverticulitis develops when too much pressure is placed on the colon. This pressure causes the sacs known as diverticula to form along the large intestines lining and at times in the digestive tract. Common signs and symptoms include loss of appetite, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation, and abdominal tenderness, nausea, vomiting, severe on the lower left part of the abdomen, fever and rectal bleeding in some cases.  Mild diverticulitis can be treated using antibiotics, pain medication, rest, and change of diet while severe diverticulitis requires surgery. It is recommended to visit the doctor in case you experience the symptoms to confirm if it is mild or severe.

  1. Irritable bowel syndrome

It is a life-long condition also referred to as irritable colon, spastic colitis or mucous colitis. Individuals with sensitive immune system or colon are prone to get the syndrome. Its common signs and symptoms are stomach pains. The pain comes along with change in bowel habits, bloating, alternating periods of constipation and diarrhea. Irritable bowel syndrome has no cure. Taking medication is for managing the symptoms and can also be managed through good diet, regular exercise, drinking enough water and eating foods rich in fiber.

  1. Kidney Stones
Kidney Stones

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Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi which are small, crystalline masses that develop inside the kidney. They develop because of high amounts of uric acid in the body. They can also occur if you consume too much calcium and also don’t dink enough water. Depending on the kidney in which the stones develop, pain in male lower left abdomen can be experienced. The pain is described as waves that keep on changing in intensity as the stones move into the urethra. Other common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, chills, fever, frequent urination and urine that is red, brown, foul-smelling or cloudy. Treatment of kidney stones depend on the type of the stone; it involves pain-killers, sound waves to break them into small masses that can pass through the urethra and surgical removal of kidney stones.

  1. Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease

This is an inflammatory bowel disease that affects the gastro intestinal tract and causes dull pain in lower left abdomen. The pain occurs due to the inflammation along the gastro intestinal tract lining. The inflammation can develop in the small intestines, large intestines, anus, stomach, esophagus, mouth, and rectum. Crohn’s disease symptoms change frequently and they include weight loss, loss of appetite, and blood in stool, abdominal pain, cramps, severe diarrhea, fever and fatigue. This condition has no cure but its symptoms can be managed by a doctor with a treatment plan.

  1. Appendicitis

Appendicitis

This is a condition that results from inflammation or infection of the appendix. It mostly occurs in people from the age of 11 to 40 years. Inflammation occurs when the appendix entrance is blocked with things such as worms, tumor, fecal matter or swollen lymphoid follicles.  Blockage of the appendix leads to bacteria accumulation around, which causes swelling and pus formation.  Pressure on the appendix walls develops due to bacteria buildup which results to lower left abdominal and back pain in men. Lack of treatment causes the appendix to rapture and spill bacteria all over the abdomen which results in inflammation of the surrounding organs.  Appendicitis symptoms include swelling of the abdomen, fever, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite and inability to pass gas.  It is recommended to see a doctor if you experience any of this symptoms. Treatments involve surgical removal of the inflamed appendix.

  1. Ulcerative Colitis

This is also an inflammatory bowel disease that occurs in the colon and rectum inner lining. The inflamed areas may also develop ulcers. Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include fever, fatigue, vomiting, nausea, weight loss, diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramps. In severe cases you may experience shortness of breath, swollen skin, irritation and reddening of the eyes.  There is no treatment for this condition but the symptoms can be relieved during flare-ups and also maintain the patient in a remission-state.

  1. Intestinal Obstruction

This is a condition where small and large intestines get blocked which makes food and fluid passage impossible. Intestinal obstruction may develop due to various reasons such as inflamed bulging sacs, twisting of the colon, tumors, hernias, inflamed intestine and scar tissues that form in the abdomen after surgery. Individual with this condition experiences pain in lower left abdomen especially and other symptoms like constipation, inability to pass gas, vomiting, nausea and bloating. In case of any intestinal blockage, it is best to visit a doctor. Lack of treatment causes death of intestinal tissues leading to complications, such as septic shock. Treatment involves surgery but depends on the severity and type of intestinal obstruction.

  1. Testicular torsion

This is also termed as twisting of the spermatic cord. The spermatic cord is cord like structure that comprises of a collection of blood vessels, ducts and nerves from the testes to abdominal cavity. Testicular torsions cause rotation of the testicles which in the process also twists the spermatic cord. Individuals with this condition experience pain in the abdomen and other symptoms, such as pain when passing urine, nausea, vomiting, and swelling of the scrotum and dislocation of testicles. Treatment is normally surgery to untwist the spermatic cord in order to restore blood flow.

Precautions and Preventive Measures

Immediately consult a doctor when you observe symptoms such as dull pain in lower left abdomen or any other.  By consuming a healthy diet you will also reduce the chances of getting any disease. A good diet should involve a meal plan that comprises of foods with nutrient and fiber. Avoid foods that cause irritation when consumed. Keep your body hydrated by taking eight glasses of water daily.

Exercise is good for the body it makes you strong and healthy, which ensures your body’s ability to fight any infection.  Proper sleep is very important because sleep recharges the body. Make sure you sleep for about 6 to 8 hours every night. Reduction of stress is also recommended because stress accelerates pain if suffering from any condition. You may try yoga which is a good stress reliever, and it will help in uplifting your mood and relaxing the entire body.

In Conclusion

This publication has provided the list of the main causes of lower left abdominal pain in men. However, all the aforementioned triggers can be avoided by doing the following: eat healthy foods, do more exercises, sleep well, and avoid bad habits (smoking and alcohol consumption). If you experience any of the stated symptoms do not wait for it to worsen, but visit your doctor immediately.

Sources and References

  1. MedlinePlus Acute pancreatitis
  2. HealthDirect Abdominal pain
  3. NCBI Abdominal Pain

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