Moles can be described as being non-cancerous and benign skin lesions, scientifically being referred to as melanocytic nevi. They vary in their colors, as some may be brown, light brown, dark brown, others black and even blue. They usually occur alone or in clusters. They are usually smooth but some may be rough or coarse. It is hence safe to say that moles are not alike and may vary from one person to another.
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Not all moles are non-cancerous too. Some moles are actually as a result of cancer, and these are indeed harmful. For the skin, such moles are referred to as melanoma, which is a term that denotes skin cancer. There are what in medical circles they refer to as the ABCDE’s of cancer, which can be used to determine whether one indeed has cancer, in regards to moles.
How to identify a cancerous mole?
The A is for asymmetrical, whereby if the mole itself is not uniform and some parts are lower or higher than others, it ought to be checked by a certified medical practitioner herein being a dermatologist. The B is for borders of the respective mole, whereby if the borders have sharp corners, or they are extending more, it ought to be checked similarly. The C is for color, whereby if the mole’s color shade is changing, such as from brown to dark brown or to pale white, such a mole ought to be looked at by a certified dermatologist. The D is for diameter. For normal moles, the diameter should not be more than 6mm, if it goes beyond that, then such a mole ought to be reviewed professionally.
Lastly, the E if for evolve. Non-cancerous, benign moles ought to remain the same and should a mole start evolving, such as getting bigger or having change of color shades as earlier underlined, such a mole ought to be subjected to medical scrutiny.
It is very important for one to make sure that the mole they are having is non-cancerous and thus harmless, and if one notices any of the above ABCDE’s, one ought to take it to a dermatologist for further professional scrutiny as the earlier it is diagnosed, the better chances of successful treatment there are.
Why do moles develop?
Moles in general usually develop when a type of skin cells known as melanocytes, which are responsible for production of the coloring skin pigment known as melanin, start to grow in clusters as opposed to being uniformly distributed. This leads to a convergence of these cells at one place, hence the said place getting a dark brown, black color.
This scenario may be brought about by several factors, but which are hinged on hormonal changes and imbalances, such as in teenagers, whereby, due to hormonal changes at their age, moles may be spotted. In fact, most moles are developed at this stage, up to when most people attain the age of twenty.
Pregnancy also leads to various hormonal changes, hence some expectant women may experience moles on their skin. Exposure to direct sunlight for long hours, especially for light or fair skinned persons, is also a driving factor that may eventually lead to the growth of moles on one’s skin.
There are various types of moles, they are not all the same, and they include the below listed.
Types of moles
The first in our list are the junctional melanocytic nevi, which are a type of moles that usually lie flat on the skin. They are also round in shape and their colors may vary with some being brown and others black.
Compound melanocytic nevi are another type of moles. They usually protrude from the skin. There colors may vary with some being light brown, while others dark brown. In some cases, some even have hair growing on them or along their borders.
Dermal melanocytic nevi are a type of moles that grows by protruding from the skin. They may vary in color shades, as some are light brown and others are pale. In some instances, hair does grow on them or along the border lines.
Blue nevi are another type of moles. These are usually blue in color. They are not very common.
Atypical type of moles are moles that are large. They don’t look like their above-listed counterparts. They generally look awkward. They may be flat or raised in a bump. They also appear in different color shades.
Lastly, we have the halo melanocytic nevi. This usually have a halo-like phenomena around them. This is because the skin loses all pigment around the borders of such moles.
However, there are various ways and methods of getting rid of moles. These methods range from home methods to surgical ones. We will first start by listing the home methods as they are the easiest and one can perform them successfully on their own.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
It is one of the widely used home remedies for the ultimate removal of moles. It is, however, only applicable on non-sensitive skin as it usually leads to a mild burning sensation. It is a natural acid hence serves to burn off the mole, causing it to eventually scab and fall off. It also has anti-bacterial properties, so it also facilitates to prevent secondary infections.
One should dip a tip or cotton ball in the Apple Cider Vinegar, and press it against the mole. Then use gauze and medical tapes to hold the cotton ball in place for at least one hour. This ought to be repeated once every day for at least two weeks before the mole can completely fall off.
- Other juices with strong natural acids
They include pineapple juice, lemons and sour apples. These acidic juices also help to lighten the pigment of moles due to their acidic nature.
- Castor oil and baking soda
This another revered home solution for moles. This mode is usually slow but all the same effective. Castor oil is said to have discutient properties which facilitate to disperse pathological growth that is abnormal growth of skin cells. Due to the slow nature of this mechanism, it may take close to a month, but looking on the brighter side, it leaves no scars.
Mix the baking soda and castor oil until they form a thick paste. Clean, using lukewarm water, the area where the mole is and pat it dry. Using a q tip, dip it in the paste and apply on the mole. You may leave it for one hour or even overnight, as this paste is not harsh on the skin but rather soothes it. It can also be used by persons with sensitive skins. Do this daily before sleep for one month and you will see the positive results.
It may also be used in a bid to get rid of moles. This is because it has enzymes that serve to breakdown the cell structures in a mole. It also aids in lightening of the dark skin pigment coloration on the mole.
Clean the mole affected area using lukewarm water and pat it dry. One may crush the garlic or slice it and use one slice. Upon crushing or slicing, place it directly on the mole. Use gauze and medical tapes to hold it in place. Leave it there for one hour or overnight. It is not advisable for persons with sensitive skins, as it has a stinging effect on the skin.
- Banana peels
It is another viable home remedy for moles, especially using ripe ones. They are simply placed on a cleaned mole, and held in place using medical tapes. One may choose to leave them there for one hour or overnight. This method is best applied right before bedtime.
- Tea Tree Oil
It is another viable home remedy and it also works on sensitive skin, as it is a natural skin soother and moisturizer. It also has antibacterial properties and tendencies, acting to prevent secondary infections.
Its mode of application is fairly simple. First clean the affected area with lukewarm water and pat it dry. Then dip a tip in the said oil, dabbing it on the mole. It is held to be effective on raised and protruded moles as it can be applied on them quite effectively, as most of their surface area is above the skin, and it can be absorbed fully and to the maximum. Do this twice or thrice every day for a period of one month to see positive results.
It is yet another effective and viable home solution for the removal of moles. It is also readily available in most chemists and pharmacy shops. Iodine gains its effect based on the fact that it triggers cell death. This serves to fully eliminate the said mole.
Clean the affected mole area with lukewarm water and pat it dry. Using a tip, dip it into the iodine solution. As iodine usually leaves a purple color on whatever it comes into contact with, be it the skin, apply some Vaseline or lotion on the sides of the mole to prevent the iodine from reaching beyond the target area. Dab the mole with the a tip containing the iodine. One may repeat this procedure every day for a period of up to one month to reap positive results.
- Flaxseed oil and ground flaxseeds
Here, one mixes the ground flaxseeds with the flaxseed oil and sometimes one may also add honey to achieve a stronger solution. This solution is usually more effective against raised moles, facilitating to loosen them from the edges. Eventually, the whole mole usually comes off. This home-made solution also has antibacterial tendencies and properties, which serve to offset secondary infections.
Mix the ground flaxseeds and the flaxseed oil until they form a thick paste. Using lukewarm water, clean the affected mole area and pat it dry. Using a tip, dip it into the respective paste and dab it in the mole. Repeat these steps every day before sleeping/bedtime for up to one month so as to see positive results.
On itself alone is also a viable home remedy for getting rid of moles. Its primary advantage being that it can be used by everyone, even those with sensitive skin as it is a skin soother.
Simply clean the affected mole area using lukewarm water and pat it dry. Using a q tip, sip it in the honey and dab it on the mole. Repeat this steps twice or thrice every day for a period of up to one month to see positive results.
- Aloe Vera is another suitable and effective home remedy. It is used to cure numerous infections and ailments at home. It helps remove moles painlessly, an added advantage, and is bound to leave no scars.
Cut an Aloe Vera leaf and split it into parts from the middle. Using lukewarm water, clean the affected area and pat it dry. Take one of the Aloe Vera leaf cuttings and place the juicy side against the mole. Use medical tapes to hold it in place. This method is best used at night before bedtime. One may leave it there for one hour or for the whole night. For maximum results, repeat this daily for up to two weeks.
It is yet another suitable home solution. It is, like Aloe Vera, a remedy for most infections. It also has antibacterial properties serving to ward off secondary infections. It is best when mixed with olive oil prior to its application.
Mix Olive Oil and Frankincense into a single solution. Clean, using lukewarm water, the affected mole area and pat it dry. Using a tip, dip it into the solution and dab it on the mole. For maximum positive results, repeat these simple steps daily, or even twice every day, for a period of one month.
There are also natural mole removing creams available in pharmacies but are all based on the above-listed ingredients and remedies.
Synthetic mole removing creams are also available but are uncalled for and are not advised due to their negative side-effects, such as leaving scars even bigger than the mole was in the first place. These ought not to be used unless specifically outlined by a certified dermatologist.
For those whose trust lies in surgery, there are also various surgical methods that can be used to get rid of moles, of course legally by a certified medical practitioner. They include, but are not limited to, surgical shaves for protruding moles, such as the dermal melanocytic nevi, surgical excisions for flat moles, freezing using liquid Nitrogen and the use of laser, again, for flat moles, such as the junctional melanocytic nevi.
Most people don’t know how to get rid of moles and just let them be. However, there exist numerous ways of achieving this ranging from home remedies, which you can do on your own, to surgical methods, which must be done by a professional dermatologist. The truth is that removal of moles is a fairly simple task as you will find out once you read this article, unless the mole is cancerous in nature, and such must be handled by a professional as you will see upon reading this article in its entirety and fullness.
This article is meant to open people’s eyes regarding ways and products one can use to get rid of moles. Moles are mostly removed for aesthetic/beauty reasons. Getting rid of them ought to be done safely, hygienically and using tested and proven means as showcased above.